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This page gives an overview of the countries in which dialect research is undertaken.



Katholieke Universiteit Brussel, Department of Linguistics and Literature: Guido Vanden Wyngaerd was a coordinator in the SAND project between 2000 and 2001. Jeroen Van Craenenbroeck wrote his PhD within the SAND project.

University of Antwerp, CGCT (Center for Grammar, Cognition and Typology): This group concerns itself, among other things, with typological research into the variation between languages and dialects. Coordinator Johan van der Auwera was involved in the SAND project as one of the supervisors.

Ghent University, Department of Dutch Linguistics: Research is carried out into Dutch (and Frisian) dialects. Magda Devos was involved in the SAND project as one of the supervisors. Gunther De Vogelaer wrote his PhD within the SAND project. Lobke Aelbrecht wrote her PhD thesis (2009) on ellipsis in Dutch dialects. Liliane Haegeman carries out research into Flemish dialects.

Mark Janse (Ghent University, Faculty of Humanities and Philosophy) has been investigating Cappadocian Greek (in collaboration with Dimitris Papazachariou, University of Patras, Department of Philology).


University of Cyprus: Yoryia Agouraki (Department of Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies) has conducted research on aspects of Cypriot Greek syntax. Phoevos Panagiotidis (Department of English Studies) has also carried out research on Cypriot Greek, in collaboration with Kleanthes Grohmann (also from the Department of English Studies) and Stavroula Tsiplakou (Department of Education).


University of Western Ontario (Department of French Studies): Ileana Paul has received a grant to study variation in Malagasy dialects on Madagascar. This project will run from 2011 to 2014.


University of Århus, Institute of Language, Literature & Culture: Tavs Bjerre, Henrik Jørgensen, Ken Ramshøj Christensen, Inger Schoonderbeek Hansen, Kathrine Beck Risom. Sten Vikner coordinates the research into Danish dialects, collaborating with the University of Copenhagen, under the umbrella project ScanDiaSyn.

University of Copenhagen, Nordisk Forskninginstitut: Inge Lise Pedersen, Torben Juel Jensen. Karen Margrethe Pedersen and her group have initiated the study of Danish dialects as part of the ScanDiaSyn-project.

Tanya Christensen, Eva Skafte Jensen at Roskilde University Center.


The Corpus of Estonian Dialects is a joint project of the University of Tartu and the Institute of Estonian Language. To access the corpus contact Liina Lindstrom.


The project "FinDiaSyn: Regional aspects of Finnish Syntax" running 2008-2011 is hosted by the Research Institute for the Languages of Finland (Kotus), and funded by the Academy of Finland. The FinDiaSyn NordForsk network group has the following members: Maria Vilkuna, project leader (Research Institute for the Languages of Finland), Urpo Nikanne (Åbo Akademi University), Hannele Forsberg (University of Joensuu), Jaakko Leino (Åbo Akademi University and University of Helsinki), Mari Siiroiinen (University of Helsinki), Heli Pekkarinen, PhD student (University of Helsinki), Markus Hamunen, research assistant (University of Helsinki), Miia Karttunen, research assistant (University of Joensuu).

University of Helsinki: Jan-Ola Östman, Magnus Brenner, Jan Lindström, Leila Mattfolk, Åsa Mickwitz, Saija Tamminen, Camilla Wide.

Lisa Södergård and Ann-Marie Ivars study Finnish Swedish at The Society of Swedish Literature in Finland (SLS).


Mélanie Jouitteau (CNRS, IKER, UMR 5478) is responsible for the project ARBRES, a dialect syntax project for Breton.

Centre de reserche sur la langue et les textes basques IKER Unité Mixte de Reserche 5478 CNRS. Université de Montaigne-Bordeaux 3, Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour: Researchers from the Basque Text and Language Study Centre IKER UMR 5478, such as Urtzi Etxeberria, Beñat Oyharçabal, Aritz Irurtzun and Ricardo Etxepare, work on Basque dialect syntactic variation under the auspices of the research group Basdisyn. In addition, Basdisyn gathers syntacticians from the University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), the University of Deusto, University of Paris CNRS UMR 7023 (Paris 8) and the City University of New York (CUNY). The computational aspects of the project are handled by the IXA team from the UPV/EHU and the Ametzagaiña group.)
BasDiSyn comprises two recently funded research projects: "Basque Comparative Syntax: towards a Basque Dialect Grammar", based in Madrid and co-ordinated by Beatriz Fernández, and "Towards a syntactic atlas of the Basque language", which is running in Paris, co-ordinated by Ricardo Etxepare.

University Nice - Sophia Antipolis / CNRS UMR 7320 BCL (Bases, Corpus, Langage): within the program 'THESAURUS OCCITAN' (THESOC), a huge database of Occitan dialects first dedicated to lexical and phonological data, Michèle Oliviéri studies the syntax of Occitan dialects. The morphosyntactic module of the THESOC (MMS) is in process, and will progress with the project DADDIPRO.

University of Toulouse, Syntax and Semantics Research Unit (ERSS): Patrick Sauzet studies Occitan dialects, collaborating with Michèle Oliviéri and Pierre-Aurélien Georges at BCL in Nice.


University of Freiburg, English Department: Bernd Kortmann supervised the compilation of a database of English dialects (Freiburg English Dialect Corpus: FRED). He was also involved in the construction of a dialect atlas consisting of two volumes.

University of Konstanz, Department of Linguistics: Tanja Schmid, Martin Salzmann. Ellen Brandner and Josef Bayer have been carrying out research in German dialects, specifically Alemannic (and Bavarian German), under the auspices of their project "Microvariation and Dialect Syntax". In 2011 Ellen Brandner started a new project on syntactic variation in Alemannic. The project will run untill 2013.

Helmut Weiss (University of Frankfurt, Institute of German language sciences and literature II), Jurg Fleischer (University of Marburg) and Alexandra Lenz (University of Vienna) have been developing a project proposal for the study of the syntax of Hessian dialects. Alexandera Lenz is supervising the research of Tim Kallenborn, who is investigating the syntax of varieties of Moselle-Franconia.

Ralf Vogel at University of Potsdam.

Hans-Werner Eroms at University of Passau.

Lieselotte Anderwald studies English dialect variation at University of Kiel.

Great Britain

David Willis (University of Cambridge), Maggie Tallerman (University of Newcastle) and Bob Borsley (University of Essex) have recently launched the Syntactic Atlas of Welsh Dialects.

University of Cambridge, Department of Linguistics: Theresa Biberauer studies variation within Germanic languages with a focus on Afrikaans. [Faye Chalcraft is writing a dissertation on syntactic properties of Bradford English. Ioanna Sitaridou is investigating Pontic Greek. She has recently undertaken fieldwork in Turkey on "Muslim Pontic" (this name is used for convenience only). In March 2010 she organized a workshop in Cambridge on Hellenic dialects of Pontus.

University of Newcastle, The School of English Literature, Language and Linguistics: Karen Corrigan studies English dialects of the British Isles (Great Britain and Ireland) from a sociolinguistic perspective. Isabelle Buchstaller works on English dialects in North America and Britain. Anders Holmberg investigates micro-variation in Scandinavian languages. The Newcastle Group is currently preparing for a Syntactic Atlas project in the near future.

Queen Mary, University of London: Jenny Cheshire. David Adger studies Scottish dialects and Gaelic.

University of Sheffield: Joan Beal.

Glasgow University: Jennifer Smith studies Scottish dialects.


University of Patras, Department of Philology: Angela Ralli, Anna Roussou, Argyris Archakis and Dimitris Papazachariou carry out research into Greek dialects, more specifically: dialects of Asia Minor, the Grico dialect (southern Italy), the dialects of Ionian islands and the dialect of Eastern Lesbos.

Research center for Modern Greek dialects: Christina Bassea-Bezantakou is the director of this institute which is working on the Historical Dictionairy of Modern Greek.

Manolis Triandafyllidis Foundation at the University of Thessaloniki: Symeon Tsolakidis wrote his PhD on Ancient Greek dialects. He is collaborating with Angela Ralli.

University of Athens: Vassilios Spyropoulos.

University of the Aegean: Anthi Revithiadou.

University of Crete: Ioanna Kappa.

University of Cyprus: Stravroula Tsiplakou, Yoryia Agouraki, Phoevos Panagiotidis, Kleanthes Grohmann.


ELTE University: Jeno Kiss.

Pazmany Peter Catholic University: Attila Hegedus and Karoly Gerstner.


University of Iceland, Department of Icelandic: Ásgímur Angantysson, Ásta Svavarsdóttir, Eiríkur Rögnvaldsson, Finnur Fridriksson, Sigrídur Sigurjónsdóttir, Theódóra Anna Torfadóttir, Thórhallur Eythorsson, Thórunn Blöndal. Höskuldur Thráinsson and Jóhannes Gísli Jónsson are responsible for the study of Icelandic microvariation within the umbrella project ScanDiaSyn.


University of Florence, Department of Linguistics: Rita Manzini and Leonardo Savoia carry out research on Italian Dialects.

University of Padova, Faculty of Arts and Philosophy: Paola Benincà.

University of Venice, Department of Language Sciences: Nicola Munaro. Cecilia Poletto is a specialist in syntactic variation of Italian dialects, and at her previous position (University of Padova) she and her group constructed a huge corpus consisting of syntactic data from northern Italian dialects, the ASIt project.

University of Verona: Birgit Alber investigates the syntax of the Cimbrian dialect.

University of Napels Federico II: Michela Cennamo.

University of Trento: Federica Cognola, Ermenegildo Bidese and Andrea Padovan work on the Tyrolean dialect Mocheno and on Cimbrian.


University of Skopje: Olga Tomic, also affiliated at University of Novi Sad in Serbia, carries out research into Slavic Balkan dialects.


Fryske Akademy: The department of linguistics carries out research into Frisian dialects. It was also involved in the SAND project. The development of a database of spoken Frisian is currently undertaken.

Leiden University: Johan Rooryck was involved as supervisor in the SAND project. Roberta D'Alessandro (Department of Italian) is holder of a NWO-project on Italian dialects. Tanja Temmerman (Leiden University Centre for Linguistics) is a PhD student investigating variation in the left periphery of Dutch (dialects).

Meertens Institute: The linguistics department focuses on the study of Dutch dialects, and was a key partner in the SAND project. Sjef Barbiers is the project leader of MIMORE, an online search engine that combines three Dutch dialect corpora. He is also the initiator of the Edisyn-project. Edisyn involves Franca Wesseling as a research assistant, Eefje Boef (PhD student) and Marika Lekakou (postdoc) who investigate Dutch dialects. Gertjan Postma is involved in dialect syntax research as well.

University of Amsterdam (ACLC): Fred Weerman and Hans Bennis, director of the Meertens Institute, are currently stimulating research into Dutch dialect syntax (cf. the Variflex project). Hedde Zeijlstra wrote his PhD within the SAND project. Olaf Koeneman is carrying out research on Dutch dialects.

University of Utrecht (UiL-OTS): This institute has a research group dedicated to the study of microvariation within Dutch, the DiDDD project, involving Norbert Corver (project leader), Marjo van Koppen (postdoc), and Huib Kranendonk. Marjo van Koppen wrote her PhD within the SAND project. Among the PhD students at UiL-OTS, Andreas Pankau investigates syntactic properties of German dialects, and Bettina Gruber has studied Austrian German dialects. Marko Hladnik collected dialect data on Slovene dialects which has been made available via the Edisyn search engine.


University of Oslo, Tekstlab: This unit, led by Janne Bondi Johannessen, is responsible for the database technology of ScanDiaSyn. Members of tekstlab include Kristin Hagen, Anders Nøklestad, Joel J. Priestley, Piotr Garbacz, Signe Laake, Åshild Søfteland.

University of Tromsø, CASTL: From this insitute, the ScanDiaSyn and the NorMS project are supervised and directed by Øystein Vangsnes and Peter Svenonius respectively. Other researchers include Merete Anderssen, Kristine Bentzen, Philipp Conzett, Madeleine Halmøy, Gunnar Hrafn Hrafnbjargarson, Endre Mørck, Marit Richardsen Westergaard, Christine Bjerkan Østbø, Hilde Sollid

University of Nordland: Toril Fiva.

Norwegian University of Science and Technology in Trondheim: Tor Åfarli, Kristin Melum Eide, Elfrid Haaker Fjøsne, Randi Alice Nilsen, Mari Nygård, Leiv Inge Aa.


University of Lisbon, Centro Linguística: Research into Portuguese dialects has been conducted within this department, which has developed a syntax-oriented dialectal corpus (CORDIAL-SIN). Ana Maria Martins and Ernestina Carrilho are key members in this project. They are currently involved in a new project, DUPLEX, which develops a syntactic annotation system for the CORDIAL-SIN corpus.

University of Lisbon: Catarina Magro and Sandra Pereira.

Nova University of Lisbon: Maria Lobo.

South Africa

Rhodes University, Department of English Language and Linguistics, Grahamstown: Mark de Vos started the SANPAD project, investigating variation in Afrikaans. The project is carried out in collaboration with (Johan Oosthuizen, Christine Anthonissen) Stellenbosch University and Northwest University (Prof. Du Plessis).


Universidad Autonoma de Madrid: Ines Fernandez-Ordonez works on Spanish dialects within the COSER project.

Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Departament de Filologia Catalana: Gemma Rigau investigates the syntax of Catalan dialects.

Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Departamento de Filología Española: Ángel J. Gallego investigates the syntax of Spanish dialects and is the Coordinator of the Syntactic Atlas of Spanish (ASinEs).

University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU): Some researchers from the Faculty of Arts at the University of the Basque Country such as Pablo Albizu, Ane Berro, Maia Duguine, Arantzazu Elordieta, Patxi Goenaga and Ane Odria work on the Basque dialectal syntactic variation under the auspices of the research group Basdisyn. In addition, Basdisyn gathers syntacticians from IKER UMR 5478, the University of Deusto; University of Paris CNRS UMR 7023 (Paris 8) and the City University of New York.

Additionally, the computational aspects of the project are handled by Mikel Lersundi, Gotzon Santander, Aitor Soroa and Larraitz Uria at the IXA team in the University of the Basque Country and by Josu Landa at the Ametzagaiña group. BasDiSyn comprises two recently funded research projects: "Basque Comparative Syntax: towards a Basque Dialect Grammar", based in Madrid and co-ordinated by Beatriz Fernández, and "Towards a syntactic atlas of the Basque language", running in Paris and co-ordinated by Ricardo Etxepare.


University of Lund, Instutionen för Nordiska Språk: Lars-Olof Delsing and his group have initiated the study of Swedish dialects as part of the ScanDiaSyn-project. Researchers include: Charlotte Carling, Mirjam Carlsson, Therese Granwald, Marit Julien, Katarina Lundin-Åkesson, Magdalena Munther, Karin Odham, Fredrik Persson, Christer Plackzack, Henrik Rosenkvist.


University of Geneva, Faculty of Arts: Ur Shlonsky carries out syntactic research into Romance dialects, such as Franco-Provençal.

University of Neuchâtel, Centre de Dialectologie: Andres Kristol, director of the Centre de dialectologie et d'étude de français régional, investigates Gallo-Romane dialects, such as Franco-Provençal and Occitan.

University of Zürich, Germanische Philologie, Abteilung für Linguistik: Elvira Glaser was involved in the development of a syntactic atlas of Swiss German Dialects (SADS), the data of which are stored in a digital corpus. Michele Loporcaro does research into Italian dialects.

Martin Salzmann (currently at University of Leipzig) wrote a PhD dissertation on syntactic aspects of Swiss German, and is also involved in micro-syntactic research.

United States of America

Several people from different universities cooperate in the project The comparative morpho-syntax of Appalachian English: Judy Bernstein (William Paterson University), Marcel den Dikken (City University of New York: The Graduate Center), Christina Tortora (City University of New York: College of Staten Island and The Graduate Center) and Raffaella Zanuttini (Yale University). Raffaella Zanuttini also works on varieties of English spoken in North America.

Lisa Green at the University of Texas at Austin has been carrying out research on African American English.

Annemarie Toebosch has been investigating Plautdietsch (a language of Netherlandic Mennonites in the Americas).

Ananda Lima at University of California, Los Angeles Linguistics Department is carrying out micro-syntactic research on variation in Brazilian Portuguese determiner phrases as part of her work on her PhD dissertation.

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