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Latest revision as of 13:26, 24 October 2011

[edit] 2 . Adjective

20000 A



21000 A (INFL) Inflection
This attribute indicates the existence of an audible morphological marking for categories like: person, number, gender, case, etc. The s (f.e. iets moois, 'something beautiful') is counted as flection. This is not the case for degrees of comparison (comparative, superlative), zero morphemes, diminutive suffixes. The following rule applies: inflection is only tagged as such, if the word can also occur without the morpheme. This attribute has the following values:
21100 A (INFL) -(e)n
21200 A (INFL) -(e)t
21300 A (INFL) -e
21400 A (INFL) -(e)s
21500 A (INFL) -st
21600 A (INFL) OT Other inflectional morpheme



22000 A POS Position
22100 A POS PRE-N Prenominal
For example: a beautiful book. Words like many and few are categorized as adjectives (not as quantifiers), because they can be used in degrees of comparison, and with adverbs of degree (very, extremely, almost).

Prenominal with ellipsis
As, for example in the second adjunct of He has a white plate and I a green (one). The sentence doesn't need to contain the antecedent per se: Ik heb gisteren een witte telefoon gekocht. Hij past beter bij het interieur dan de groene. I bought a white telephone yesterday. It fits into the anterior better than the green (one)'.

22200 A POS N Nominal
Nominal (or substantive used) adjectives are not treated as substantives, but as adjectives. Arguments in favor of this method are a.o.: the existence of comparative and superlative forms (f.e. de ''ouderen, 'the elderly', de ''rijksten, 'the richest (people)'), the compatibility with adverbs of degree (de zeer rijken, 'the very rich'), and the fact that plural marking is different with nominal adjectives than with substantives.
22300 A POS POST-N Postnominal
F.e. kindeke ''teer, ‘child fragile’, alle rivieren bevaarbaar in de winter, ‘all rivers navigatable in winter’, niets ''bijzonders, ‘nothing special’, iets groters, ‘something bigger'.
22400 A POS FREE Adjectives that are not part of a DP
22410 A POS FREE PRED Predicative
Predicative adjectives are adjectives that function as a subject complement, f.e. het schip is ''schoon, ‘the ship is clean’, or as secondary predicate, in other words as predicative adjunct. There are three types of predicative adjuncts: Hij veegt het schip ''schoon, ‘he wipes the ship clean’ (resultative), Hij vindt Marie ''aardig, ‘[lit.:]He finds Mary nice’/'He likes Mary’ (predicative), Hij gaf de tas leeg terug,’he returned the bag empty’ (depictive). Separable prefixes (from verbs) are also assigned this tag, if they have the same form as an adjective, whether they are separated from the verb or not (f.e. Hij drinkt de beker ''leeg, lit: ‘He drinks the mug empty’, dat hij de beker leeg drinkt, '[lit:] ‘that he the mug empty drinks’, dat het venster open waait, ‘that the window open blows’).
22420 A POS FREE ADV Adverbial
Adverbially used adjectives are not treated as adverbs, but as adjectives (like in the ANS-97, CELEX, RN, WOTAN-2, CGN and the German STTS-95). To distinguish adverbs from adverbially used adjectives, we use the following criterion: if the word is also used in prenominal position with the same meaning, then it is not an adverb but an adjective. Vrij ‘free’ is an adjective in Je kan hier vrij rondlopen ‘You can walk around here freely’, whereas the same word is an adverb in een vrij warme dag, '[lit.] a free (somewhat) hot day’.


Degrees of comparison

23000 A (DEGREE) The comparative and superlative , A + diminuative. The positive doesn’t get assigned ‘DEGREE”. Indirect comparatives (of the type more A, most A, less A, least A; f.e. most'' beautiful) will get DEGREE ‘comparative’ or ‘superlative’. In that case, the tag is assigned to the modifier of the adjective (most); the adjective that is the head (beautiful) is not assigned the tag DEGREE.
23100 A (DEGREE) COMP Comparative. F.e. bigger
23200 A (DEGREE) SUP Superlative. F.e. biggest
23300 A (DEGREE) DIM Diminuative. F.e. dunnetjes '[lit.:]thinly.DIM'
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