Adverbs

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7. Adverbs

Adjectives and nouns that are used adverbially are not treated as adverbs, but as adjectives or nouns. In order to distinguish between adverbs and adverbially used adjectives/nouns, we use the following criterion: if the word in question can also be used in pronominal position - having the same meaning - then it is not an adverb, but an adjective.

70000

ADV

7.1

Inflection

This attribute indicates the presence of an audible morphological marking for categories like person, number, gender, case, mode etc. The following rule applies: INFL is only assigned if the word can also occur without the inflectional morpheme.

71000

ADV (INFL)

The following tags give information regarding the form/type of the encountered inflection:
71100 ADV (INFL) -(e)n
71200 ADV (INFL) -(e)t
71300 ADV (INFL) -e
71400 ADV (INFL) -(e)s
71500 ADV (INFL) -st
71600 ADV (INFL) OT Other inflectional morphology

7.2

Position

72000 ADV POS
72100 ADV POS AD-A Ad-adjectictival
E.g. a really rich baker
72200 ADV POS AD-P Ad-adpositional
E.g. recht'' op zijn hoofd, 'right on his head'.
72300 ADV POS AD-ADV Ad-adverbial
E.g. een heel erg rijke man, '[lit.:]a whole really rich man (a terribly very rich man)'.
72400 ADV POS FREE
72410 ADV POS FREE ADV Adverbs that modify a verb, a part of a sentence or a complete clause: Hij wil nu naar huis, 'he wants to go home now', hij heeft het wel gedaan, 'he has it AFF done/he did do it', hij wil het niet doen, 'he does not want to do it', Als het regent, dan zijn er wolken, 'if it's raining, then there are clouds'.
72420 ADV POS FREE PRED Adverbs that are nominal predicates: Dat is jammer, 'it's a shame', het feest is nu, 'the party is now'. The same holds for adverbial prefixes of separable verbs, whether they are separated from the verb or not.
E.g. Ik drukte de eierschalen tussen mijn vingers samen, '[lit.:] I pressed the eggshells between my fingers together', dat ik ... samen drukte, '[lit.:] that I ... together pressed'.

7.3

Type

Not all types of adverbs will fit in with the types mentioned below, therefore this attribute is optional.

73000

ADV (TYPE)

7.3.1 Interrogative
73100 ADV (TYPE) Q Interrogative adverbs
E.g. when, how, why, and where. Note that these words can also belong to other classes: in de stad waar ik woon, 'the city where I live', where is a relative pronoun. In Waar kijk je naar '[lit: where] what are you looking at', where is an interrogative pronoun, and in Waar woont hij, 'where does he live', where is a interrogative adverb.
7.3.2 Quantifier
73100 ADV (TYPE) QUANT Quantificational adverb/adverbial quantifier
732100 ADV (TYPE) QUANT UNIV Universal adverbial quantifier
E.g. always, constantly, repeatedly.
73220 ADV (TYPE) QUANT NON-UNIV Non-universal adverbial quantifiers
E.g. nonce, ever, sometimes, often.
73230 ADV (TYPE) QUANT NEG Negative adverbial quantifiers
E.g. never, rarely, nowhere.

7.4

R-pronouns (adverbial)

74000 ADV FORM R-PRON To this class belong words like here, there, somewhere, nowhere, everywhere when used adverbially.
E.g. Er zitten hier nergens muizen, '[lit.:]EXPL sit here nowhere mice'. This tag is not assigned to R-pronouns that belong to an adposition, as in Hier'' zit hij op, '[lit.:]here sit he on (this is what he does)', in Standard Dutch: Hij zit hierop). Those R-pronouns receive the following tag: PRON TYPE R-PRON.
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